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John Locke And Karl Marx Essays

Compare And Contrast The Philosophies Of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, And Karl Marx

In the idea of human nature; origin of state, the nature of government, the rights of regulation can be drawn as the reflection of insightful philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes and Karl Marx. By understanding this within the context of human nature, we can see their ideas play to how they perceive a modern philosophy. Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto illustrates the desire to build "a society without economic classes". John Locke's Political Theory claims the establishment of natural rights which will assist protest against unjust rulers. Thomas Hobbes's most famous publication, the "Leviathan" defines a government which unifies the collective will of many individual and unites them under the authority of sovereign power. Although the three philosophers desire the same result through their theories, its practices and use have indicated that there are difference and similarities both present. All are saying that there should be absolute government, but their areas of specialization are different.

Karl Marx and Thomas Hobbes both agreed on the theory of collectivism over individualism. Marx is more quantitative and calculative in his reasoning, while Hobbes's theories are based on natural laws. The contradiction between Marx's and Hobbes's concepts of material wealth is that -"Modern society view men to compete with each other for material goods and that is just. Humans do not live in isolation but work to achieve together a society that turns a blind eye to what is alienating man from his nature" (Marx). On the other hand, Hobbes argued that "Rights of liberty, property can be transferred from one person to another by means of legal contract. Human beings are naturally selfish, therefore they are always in the state of conflict of 'war' with each other, unless they are forced to obey a sovereign authority or governing power." Though, differences between the two are quite visible, their goal is the same, the establishment and betterment of a civil society.

Hobbes famous saying about the state of nature was, "Life is brutish, short and harsh, in the state of nature." Humans are always in competition for resources, primary or secondary and would go to any extent to meet those needs. This desperation to fulfill needs creates insecurity within the human society. Hobbes uses the term "Leviathan" which refers to the best way of protecting citizens would be to have a government that is powerful and intimidating. According to Locke,...

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differences between the social contract theory of john locke and thomas hobbes

2347 words - 9 pages Page 1 of 7 What is Social Contract Theory? The concept of social contract theory is that in the beginning man lived in the state of nature. They had no government and there was no law to regulate them. There were hardships and oppression on the sections of the society. To overcome from these hardships they entered into...

A Futuristic interview with Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

2533 words - 10 pages Creative Essay PaperGentian ArtaksiThe following is a transcript of a televised debate betweenThomas Hobbes and John Locke, as seen on November 24, 2093, viaTime~Warp Broadcasting Inc.COM: Television commentatorMED: Mediator of the debateHOB: Thomas HobbesLOC: John LockeDebate #...

John Locke versus Thomas Hobbes

1303 words - 5 pages Change is in the inevitable byproduct of society. As societies evolve they change according to the life style of the people who inhabit them. Without change, society would never progress and thus would be frozen in a single moment in time. Thomas Hobbes and John Lock were two English philosophers who observed tremendous changes in English politics between the years of 1640 and 1690. In closely examining the views of both of these philosophers in...

John Locke vs Thomas Hobbes

688 words - 3 pages Locke versus Hobbes Locke and Hobbes were both social contract theorists, and both natural law theorists, but there the resemblance ends. All other natural law theorists assumed that man was by nature a social animal. Hobbes assumed otherwise, thus his conclusions are strikingly different from those of other natural law theorists. What would life and human relations be like in the absence of government? Thomas Hobbes was the first to...

Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke: Who is the true liberal?

1685 words - 7 pages Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are often referred to as the premier liberal philosophers, a label which is actually misleading. The political philosophies of Hobbes and Locke are only similar in their methodology, not in their conclusions or in the form of government they advocate. In fact, the...

Analysis of the industrial revolution with comparisons of various "fathers" of the modern industrial machine such as: John Locke, Karl Marx and Robert Owens.

2707 words - 11 pages The industrial revolution, a nearly century long progression, brought forth unprecedented and unheard of technological, sociological and economical changes throughout Europe and the civilized world. It's feasible to say that laissez faire economic thinking is the forefather and beginning of the industrial revolution. Laissez faire economics embraced free trade, advocated private enterprise and was a direct contradiction to the centuries of...

Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau

774 words - 3 pages Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau The turmoil of the 1600's and the desire for more fair forms of government combined to set the stage for new ideas about sovereignty. Locke wrote many influential political pieces, such as The Second Treatise of Government, which included the proposal for a legislative branch of government that would be selected by the people. Rousseau supported a direct form of democracy in which the people...

Chronological Issues And Their Philosophical Solutions A comparison of 3 European Thinkers and their writtings: John Locke, Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels, and Niccolo Machiavelli.

1059 words - 4 pages Chronological Issues And Their Philosophical SolutionsThroughout history, there have been many philosophers who have looked at their environments, all seeking the remedies to the social, economic, and political problems faced by its people. Among them are Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke, and Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels. Each...

Comparing Karl Marx and John Stuart Mill

4526 words - 18 pages Karl Marx was born and educated in Prussia, where he fell under the influence of Ludwig Feuerbach and other radical Hegelians. Although he shared Hegel's belief in dialectical structure and historical inevitability, Marx held that the foundations of reality lay in the material base of economics rather than in the abstract thought of idealistic philosophy. He earned a doctorate at Jena in 1841, writing on the materialism and atheism of Greek...

Compare And Contrast Thomas Be

1956 words - 8 pages The archetypal hero journey, Joseph Campbell states, is a typical series of heroic actions. Four stages form the hero journey: departure, trials, epiphany, and return (the stages do not necessarily occur consecutive with the listing). Death and resurrection of lifestyle and beliefs, spiritual journey, and finally rebirth form hero journey’s motif. An archetypal hero pattern is the transformation of the character’s conscience...

Compare and contrast Marx and Weber

4185 words - 17 pages During the nineteenth century, Karl Marx and Max Weber were two of the most influential sociologist. Both their views on the rise of capitalism have various similarities and differences. They believe that capitalism is relatively new to the modern world. Their views differ on the rise of capitalism. Regardless of Marx and Weber's...

John Locke Versus Karl Marx Essay

Two of the most influential and celebrated modern political thinkers, Karl Marx and John Locke, have made countless insightful and compelling arguments, expressing their ideas on various conditions of the individual, state, and the interactions between the two. Marx was a German political thinker who was best known for his works with idea of communism and social class divisions. Locke was an English philosopher famous for his social contract and is known as the Father of Liberalism (CITE). Despite the paramount success these men achieved, they had radically different views on the idea of property and the description of freedom, finding only minimal similarity on their views on the right to revolt.
The concept of property has developed many different perspectives over the years as political philosophers continually searched to find its rightful role in society. Of these perspectives, John Locke and Karl Marx had perhaps developed the most combative and different views. In Locke’s Second Treatise of Government, he discusses how it is a natural right for all men to have private property, and the protection of this right should be a top priority of the government. In fact, one of Locke’s most influential quotes states that all men have the right to “life, liberty, and property.” (CITE) This later became the groundwork for some concepts used by the Founding Fathers of the United States. In the eyes of Locke, “labour being the unquestionable property of the labourer, no man but he can have a right to what that is once joined to,” (Locke in Cahn 457). This means that when a man plows a garden, the garden is annexed into his possession based off of his labor, and any and all fruits or flowers that come from this garden belong to him.
In Locke’s Second Treatise of Government he discusses the state of nature, or “… a state of perfect freedom to order their [mens’] actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons, as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature” (Locke in Cahn 451). In this state, it impossible for a man to be promised his private property is safe from others. Therefore, Locke believes the protection of private property is one of the most vital responsibilities of the government.
Karl Marx on the other hand, has a wildly different opinion on property. In his most famous piece, The Communist Manisfesto, Marx’s opinion is set up in one line; "… the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property” (Marx in Cahn 885). Marx firmly believed that ownership of private property was a way in which the social classes became more divided, and in turn, a way to oppress the poor. His opinion largely stems from the time period in which he lived (1818-1883), where factory owners infamously underpaid employees for dangerous work in treacherous conditions. However, Marx idea of private property was a bit different from Locke and did not mean things like land ownership or personal items, but...

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John Locke versus Thomas Hobbes Essay

1303 words - 5 pages Change is in the inevitable byproduct of society. As societies evolve they change according to the life style of the people who inhabit them. Without change, society would never progress and thus would be frozen in a single moment in time. Thomas Hobbes and John Lock were two English philosophers who observed tremendous changes in English politics between the years of 1640 and 1690. In closely examining the views of both of these philosophers in...

Economis Theorists- Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes and their contributions to the field of economics

597 words - 2 pages Throughout the centuries, there have been many economists, who have contributed to the many economic theories. Among them is Adam Smith, also known as the Father of Capitalism. His theory on beneficial workings of the free marketplace and his 1776 Wealth of Nations is what he is most noted for. Karl Marx, the Father of Communism, is most...

Analysis of the industrial revolution with comparisons of various "fathers" of the modern industrial machine such as: John Locke, Karl Marx and Robert Owens.

2707 words - 11 pages The industrial revolution, a nearly century long progression, brought forth unprecedented and unheard of technological, sociological and economical changes throughout Europe and the civilized world. It's feasible to say that laissez faire economic thinking is the forefather and beginning of the industrial revolution. Laissez faire economics embraced free trade, advocated private enterprise and was a direct contradiction to the centuries of...

Marxist Locke

2524 words - 10 pages Marxist Locke Karl Marx and John Locke both place a great deal of importance in both labour and property in discussing their political philosophies. At first glance, the two thinkers seem to possess completely different ideas on property, its importance, and the form of society which should grow from it. The disparity in their beliefs is evident, but they share a similar approach to labour and acceptable conditions while constructing...

Locke Vs. Locke

1174 words - 5 pages For many political theorists and thinkers, the ideas of labor and property are central to the evolution of governments or states, and henceforth, very important aspects of human life. For some writers, the development of property is a direct result of labor, and government is set up to ensure the property rights of those who own property. Some view property and labor fundamentally or naturally connected aspects of human life, while others see...

Reasoning of Human Nature

1724 words - 7 pages Reasoning of Human Nature John Locke and Karl Marx have one thing in common, they both believe in human reasoning. Humans, they suppose, have the ability to be both rational and intellectual beings; they not only learn from those around them but also from their surroundings. Niccolo Machiavelli, however, disagrees with Locke and Marx. He argues that human beings are not reasonable and are chaotic without any such order. Although these three men...

Empiricism and Capitalism

1021 words - 4 pages Empiricism is the theory that knowledge evolves from sense experience and internal mental interaction, such as emotions and self reflection. An empiricist obtains their facts based on close observation and experiment, which is ultimately a use of an inductive thought process. For empiricists, facts precede theories. Most empiricists are impartial, as well as objective observers of facts. A main belief in empiricism is that no one person could...

Locke vs. Marx: Views on Property Rights

1832 words - 7 pages John Locke and Karl Marx, two of the most renowned political philosophers, had many contrasting views when it came the field of political philosophy. Most notably, private property rights ranked high among the plethora of disparities between these two individuals. The main issue at hand was whether or not private property was a natural right. Locke firmly believed that private property was an inherent right, whereas Marx argued otherwise. This...

The Justice of Private Property: Analysis of Locke, Smith and Marx

2044 words - 8 pages The Justice of Private Property: analysis of Locke, Smith, and Marx Robert Trujillo Mount Vernon Nazarene University Social Justice Dr. Lincoln Stevens Private property and in a sense distribution of wealth have been key topics of social justice debate for centuries. John Locke, Adam Smith, and Karl Marx had differing and sometimes overlapping ideologies when it comes to property acquisition, economics, and...

Karl Marx and His Radical Views

1255 words - 5 pages Karl Marx and His Radical Views Karl Marx[i] Karl Marx is among the most important and influential of all modern philosophers who expressed his ideas on humans in nature. According to the University of Dayton, “the human person is part of a larger history of life on this planet. Through technology humans have the power to have an immense effect on that life.”[ii] The people of his time found that the impact of the...

Legalizing Drug Use

2343 words - 9 pages The arguments that I have just laid out are not perfect and they have some apparent flaws that some philosophers would strongly disagree with, while there are other arguments that some of the great philosophers would agree with. I will critique the arguments that I have just laid out using the perspective of three different philosophers who all have their own ideas of how the state should function and the role of the citizen. The three...